Can you hit with power without speed or hit with speed without power?
I have heard this question for decades from martial artists and boxers.
Today’s article will clarify this question for you.
I hear people say, “So, if I hit hard, I must hit fast?” Because speed is a component of force.
I promise not to get technical. I won’t go into the fact that speed is velocity and F=m x a, not m x v.
Many people think that if they hit hard, they need to hit fast. That is not true. It all depends on the M (mass of who is “hitting”)
But acceleration is harder to find than speed, so let’s pretend it’s actually M x Velocity (speed)
The Elephant and the Fly
Who do you think will hit you harder?
A large fly or a an elephant? Obviously the elephant, but he is moving so much slower. Well he is more than compensating in the mass part of the equation.
So from this example we see that a much bigger guy or girl can hit hard, even if their kick/punch is not very fast.
What about the reverse? If you hit fast, do you always hit hard? No.
"Fast" pertains to how much you have accelerated your fist or foot. "Hard" is how much you have accelerated your whole mass, behind that fist or foot.
Usually a powerful technique will be slower than a fast one. The whole technique would be slower. The total speed of technique is different than just the speed (or rather acceleration) of the hand or foot.
Fighters know this. That is why there are variations to techniques. There is a power hook and a check hook. One to knock out, the other to keep him busy, while repositioning.
If this is confusing, think about it this way.
A powerful kick can have just as much speed as the fast one, when it comes to the speed of the weapon. However because of the mass shift in preparation, the total time to do the kick or punch takes longer.
In other words, the foot of the power kick can travel at the same speed as the foot of the fast one, but the preparation for the power one takes longer (loading and weight transfer) so the total time is longer.
Think of that hook again.
To make it powerful, you have to load the weight into the leg. You don’t have to do that with check hook. Thus even if the fist moves at the same speed, when the punch is finally thrown, the full punch, takes longer to produce power.
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